Barbara Vickrey, M.D., M.P.H.

A Short Biography:

Barbara G. Vickrey, M.D., M.P.H., is professor in the Department of Neurology at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), where she directs the Health Services Research Program in Neurology. She is also associate director for research at the Greater Los Angeles VA Parkinson Disease Center and an affiliated investigator at the RAND Corporation. She received her M.D. from Duke University School of Medicine, her M.P.H. from UCLA School of Public Health. In 1998, she received the Alice S. Hersh Young Investigator Award from AcademyHealth, and in 2011, she was elected to the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies. Dr. Vickrey is a member of several professional organizations, including the American Academy of Neurology and the American Neurological Association.

Work Titles
UCLA Professor, Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior
Education:
Degrees:
M.D., Duke University, Durham, NC, 1980 - 1984
M.P.H., UCLA School of Public Health, Los Angeles, 1988 - 1990
B.S., Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, 1976 - 1980
Fellowship:
1990 - 1991 RAND Center for Health Policy, Health Services Research
1988 - 1990 Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program UCLA
Internship:
1984 - 1985 University of Washington Medical Center
Residency:
1985 - 1988 University of Washington Medical Center
Certifications:
Certifications:
1990 American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology
Honors and Awards:
2008 Researcher of the Year Award, Alzheimer’s Association, California Southland Chapter
1998 Alice S. Hersh Young Investigator Award, Association for Health Services Research (now AcademyHealth)
1990 Outstanding Volunteer Award, Venice Family Clinic
Professional Societies:
2011 Elected to the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies

Contact Information:

Work Phone Number:

(310) 206-7671

(310) 794-1195

Mailing Address:

UCLA Department of Neurology
Health Services Research
710 Westwood Plaza
C109 RNRC
Los Angeles, CA 90095


Publications:

Vickrey Barbara G, Thrift Amanda G   Advances in stroke: Health policy/outcomes research 2013 Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 2014; 45(2): 361-2.
Gloss David, Vickrey Barbara   Cannabinoids for epilepsy The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, 2014; 3(10): CD009270.
Stroupe Kevin T, Weaver Frances M, Cao Lishan, Ippolito Dolores, Barton Brandon R, Burnett-Zeigler Inger E, Holloway Robert G, Vickrey Barbara G, Simuni Tanya, Follett Kenneth A   Cost of deep brain stimulation for the treatment of Parkinson's disease by surgical stimulation sites Movement disorders : official journal of the Movement Disorder Society, 2014; 29(13): 1666-74.
Baca Christine B, Vickrey Barbara G, Vassar Stefanie, Berg Anne T   Disease-targeted versus generic measurement of health-related quality of life in epilepsy Quality of life research : an international journal of quality of life aspects of treatment, care and rehabilitation, 2014; .
Hamid Hamada, Blackmon Karen, Cong Xiangyu, Dziura James, Atlas Lauren Y, Vickrey Barbara G, Berg Anne T, Bazil Carl W, Langfitt John T, Walczak Thaddeus S, Sperling Michael R, Shinnar Shlomo, Devinsky Orrin   Mood, anxiety, and incomplete seizure control affect quality of life after epilepsy surgery Neurology, 2014; 82(10): 887-94.
Heatwole Chad, Bode Rita, Johnson Nicholas, Dekdebrun Jeanne, Dilek Nuran, Heatwole Mark, Hilbert James E, Luebbe Elizabeth, Martens William, Mcdermott Michael P, Rothrock Nan, Thornton Charles, Vickrey Barbara G, Victorson David, Moxley Richard   Myotonic Dystrophy Health Index: initial evaluation of a disease-specific outcome measure Muscle & nerve, 2014; 49(6): 906-14.
Vickrey Barbara G, Williams Linda S   Posttraumatic stress disorder after cerebrovascular events: broadening the landscape of psychological assessment in stroke and transient ischemic attack Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 2014; 45(11): 3182-3.
Berg Anne T, Caplan Rochelle, Baca Christine B, Vickrey Barbara G   Adaptive behavior and later school achievement in children with early-onset epilepsy Developmental medicine and child neurology, 2013; 9(3): .
Avidan Alon, Hays Ron D, Diaz Natalie, Bordelon Yvette, Thompson Alexander W, Vassar Stefanie D, Vickrey Barbara G   Associations of sleep disturbance symptoms with health-related quality of life in Parkinson's disease The Journal of neuropsychiatry and clinical neurosciences, 2013; 25(4): 319-26.
Berg Anne T, Caplan Rochelle, Baca Christine B, Vickrey Barbara G   Berg et al. reply Developmental medicine and child neurology, 2013; 55(10): 964-5.
Brown Arleen F, Vassar Stefanie D, Connor Karen I, Vickrey Barbara G   Collaborative care management reduces disparities in dementia care quality for caregivers with less education Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 2013; 61(2): 243-51.
Baca Christine B, Vickrey Barbara G, Vassar Stefanie D, Cook Aaron, Berg Anne T   Injuries in adolescents with childhood-onset epilepsy compared with sibling controls The Journal of pediatrics, 2013; 163(6): 1684-1691.e4.
Berg Anne T, Baca Christine B, Loddenkemper Tobias, Vickrey Barbara G, Dlugos Dennis   Priorities in pediatric epilepsy research: improving children's futures today Neurology, 2013; 81(13): 1166-75.
Vickrey Barbara G, Brott Thomas G, Koroshetz Walter J, Koroshetz Walter J, Koroshetz Walter J   Research priority setting: a summary of the 2012 NINDS Stroke Planning Meeting Report Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 2013; 44(8): 2338-42.
Grill Joshua D, Karlawish Jason, Elashoff David, Vickrey Barbara G   Risk disclosure and preclinical Alzheimer's disease clinical trial enrollment Alzheimer's & dementia : the journal of the Alzheimer's Association, 2013; 9(3): 356-359.e1.
Hauptman Jason S, Dadour Andrew, Oh Taemin, Baca Christine B, Vickrey Barbara G, Vassar Stefanie D, Sankar Raman, Salamon Noriko, Vinters Harry V, Mathern Gary W   Sociodemographic changes over 25 years of pediatric epilepsy surgery at UCLA Journal of neurosurgery. Pediatrics, 2013; 11(3): 250-5.
Hauptman Jason S, Dadour Andrew, Oh Taemin, Baca Christine B, Vickrey Barbara G, Vassar Stefanie, Sankar Raman, Salamon Noriko, Vinters Harry V, Mathern Gary W   Time to Pediatric Epilepsy Surgery is Longer and Developmental Outcomes Lower for Government Compared with Private Insurance Neurosurgery, 2013; .
Baca Christine B, Vickrey Barbara G, Vassar Stefanie, Hauptman Jason S, Dadour Andrew, Oh Taemin, Salamon Noriko, Vinters Harry V, Sankar Raman, Mathern Gary W   Time to pediatric epilepsy surgery is related to disease severity and nonclinical factors Neurology, 2013; 80(13): 1231-9.
Fogel Brent L, Vickrey Barbara G, Walton-Wetzel Jenny, Lieber Eli, Browner Carole H   Utilization of Genetic Testing Prior to Subspecialist Referral for Cerebellar Ataxia Genetic testing and molecular biomarkers, 2013; .
Chodosh Joshua, Pearson Marjorie L, Connor Karen I, Vassar Stefanie D, Kaisey Marwa, Lee Martin L, Vickrey Barbara G   A dementia care management intervention: which components improve quality? The American journal of managed care, 2012; 18(2): 85-94.
Thrift Amanda G, Vickrey Barbara G   Advances in health policy and outcome 2010-2011 Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 2012; 43(2): 300-1.
Gloss David, Vickrey Barbara   Cannabinoids for epilepsy Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online), 2012; 6(4): CD009270.
Vickrey Barbara G, Hirtz Deborah, Waddy Salina, Cheng Eric M, Johnston S Claiborne   Comparative effectiveness and implementation research: directions for neurology Annals of neurology, 2012; 71(6): 732-42.
Vassar Stefanie D, Bordelon Yvette M, Hays Ron D, Diaz Natalie, Rausch Rebecca, Mao Cherry, Vickrey Barbara G   Confirmatory factor analysis of the motor unified Parkinson's disease rating scale Parkinson's disease, 2012; 2012(1): 719167.
Weaver Frances M, Stroupe Kevin T, Cao Lishan, Holloway Robert G, Vickrey Barbara G, Simuni Tanya, Hendricks Ann, Ippolito Dolores   Parkinson's disease medication use and costs following deep brain stimulation Movement disorders : official journal of the Movement Disorder Society, 2012; 27(11): 1398-403.
Heatwole Chad, Bode Rita, Johnson Nicholas, Quinn Christine, Martens William, McDermott Michael P, Rothrock Nan, Thornton Charles, Vickrey Barbara, Victorson David, Moxley Richard   Patient-reported impact of symptoms in myotonic dystrophy type 1 (PRISM-1) Neurology, 2012; 79(4): 348-57.
Kaisey Marwa, Mittman Brian, Pearson Marjorie, Connor Karen I, Chodosh Joshua, Vassar Stefanie D, Nguyen France T, Vickrey Barbara G   Predictors of acceptance of offered care management intervention services in a quality improvement trial for dementia International journal of geriatric psychiatry, 2012; 27(10): 1078-85.
Baca Christine B, Vickrey Barbara G, Vassar Stefanie D, Berg Anne T   Seizure recency and quality of life in adolescents with childhood-onset epilepsy Epilepsy & behavior : E&B, 2012; 23(1): 47-51.
Harris DP, Ortiz F, Adler FM, Yu K, Maines ML, Viggiani S, Barba D, Fitten LJ, Wolf S, Chodosh J, Vickrey BG   Challenges to screening and evaluation of memory impairment among Hispanic elders in a primary care safety net facility International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 2011; 26(3): 268-76.
Thompson Alexander W, Liu Honghu, Hays Ron D, Katon Wayne J, Rausch Rebecca, Diaz Natalie, Jacob Erin L, Vassar Stefanie D, Vickrey Barbara G   Diagnostic accuracy and agreement across three depression assessment measures for Parkinson's disease Parkinsonism & related disorders, 2011; 17(1): 40-5.
Bower CM, Vickrey BG, Vassar S, Berg A   Differences in child versus parent reports of the child's health-related quality of life in children with epilepsy and healthy siblings Value in Health: The Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research, 2011; 13(6): 778-86.
Vickrey BG, Koroshetz W   Ensuring that the fruits of clinical trial research translate to equitable care Neurology, 2011; 76(4): 314-5.
Feil DG, Lukman R, Simon B, Walston A, Vickrey BG   Impact of dementia on caring for patients' diabetes Aging & Mental Health, 2011; 76(4): 1-10.
Halpern Michael T, Renaud Jeanette M, Vickrey Barbara G   Impact of insurance status on access to care and out-of-pocket costs for U.S. individuals with epilepsy Epilepsy & behavior : E&B, 2011; 22(3): 483-9.
Bordelon Yvette M, Hays Ron D, Vassar Stefanie D, Diaz Natalie, Bronstein Jeff, Vickrey Barbara G   Medication responsiveness of motor symptoms in a population-based study of Parkinson disease Parkinson's disease, 2011; 2011(1): 967839.
Chiong-Rivero H, Ryan GW, Flippen C, Bordelon Y, Szumski NR, Zesiewicz TA, Vassar S, Weidmer B, Garcia RE, Bradley M, Vickrey BG   Patients' and caregivers' experiences of the impact of Parkinson's disease on health status Patient Related Outcome Measures, 2011; 2011(2): 57-70.
Baca Christine B, Vickrey Barbara G, Caplan Rochelle, Vassar Stefanie D, Berg Anne T   Psychiatric and medical comorbidity and quality of life outcomes in childhood-onset epilepsy Pediatrics, 2011; 128(6): e1532-43.
Cheng EM, Cunningham WE, Towfighi A, Sanossian N, Bryg RJ, Anderson TL, Guterman JJ, Gross-Schulman SG, Beanes S, Jones AS, Liu HH, Ettner SL, Saver JL, Vickrey BG   Randomized, controlled trial of an intervention to enable stroke survivors throughout the los angeles county safety net to "stay with the guidelines" Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes, 2011; 4(2): 229-34.
Hamid H, Devinsky O, Vickrey BG, Berg AT, Bazil CW, Langfitt JT, Walczak TS, Sperling MR, Shinnar S, Spencer SS   Suicide outcomes after resective epilepsy surgery Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B, 2011; 20(3): 462-4.
Vickrey BG, Samuels MA, Ropper AH   How neurologists think: A cognitive psychology perspective on missed diagnoses Annals of Neurology, 2010; 67(4): 425-33.
Cheng EM, Crandall C, Bever C, Giesser B, Hasselkorn J, Hays RD, Shekelle P, Vickrey BG   Quality indicators for multiple sclerosis Multiple Sclerosis (Houndmills, Basingstoke, England), 2010; 16(8): 970-80.
Duru OK, Ettner SL, Vassar S, Chodosh J, Vickrey BG   Cost evaluation of a coordinated care management intervention for dementia The American Journal of Managed Care, 2009; 15(8): 521-8.
Vickrey BG, Hays RD, Maines ML, Vassar S, Fitten J, Strickland A   Development and preliminary evaluation of a quality of life measure targeted at dementia caregivers Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 2009; 7(4): 56.
Vickrey BG, Shapiro MF   Disparities research in neurology: an urgent need Nature Reviews Neurology, 2009; 5(4): 184-5.
Cherry DL, Hahn C, Vickrey BG   Educating primary care physicians in the management of Alzheimer's disease: Using practice guidelines to set quality benchmarks International Psychogeriatrics / IPA, 2009; 21 Suppl 1(4): S44-52.
Bower CM, Hays RD, Devinsky O, Spencer SS, Sperling MR, Haut S, Vassar S, Vickrey BG   Expectations prior to epilepsy surgery: An exploratory comparison of men and women, Seizure: European Journal of Epilepsy , 2009; 18: 228-231.
Connor KI, van Servellen G, McNeese-Smith D, Chang B, Lee ML, Cheng EM, Hajar A, Vickrey BG   Insight into dementia care management using social-behavioral theory and mixed methods Nursing Research, 2009; 58(5): 348-58.
Harris DP, Chodosh J, Vassar S, Vickrey BG, Shapiro MF   Primary care providers' views of challenges and rewards of dementia care relative to other conditions Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 2009; 57(12): 2209-16.
Baca CB, Cheng EM, Spencer SS, Vassar S, Vickrey BG   Racial differences in patient expectations prior to resective epilepsy surgery Epilepsy & Behavior : E&B, 2009; 15(4): 452-5.
Kavirajan H, Hays RD, Vassar S, Vickrey BG   Responsiveness and Construct Validity of the Health Utilities Index in Patients With Dementia Medical Care, 2009; 47(6): 651–661.
Brown Carlos A, Cheng Eric M, Hays Ron D, Vassar Stefanie D, Vickrey Barbara G   SF-36 includes less Parkinson Disease (PD)-targeted content but is more responsive to change than two PD-targeted health-related quality of life measures Quality of life research : an international journal of quality of life aspects of treatment, care and rehabilitation, 2009; 18(9): 1219-37.
Peterson Eric D, Spertus John A, Cohen David J, Hlatky Mark A, Go Alan S, Vickrey Barbara G, Saver Jeffrey L, Hinton Patricia C   Vision and creation of the American Heart Association pharmaceutical roundtable outcomes research centers Circulation. Cardiovascular quality and outcomes, 2009; 2(6): 663-70.
Connor KI, McNeese-Smith D, Vickrey BG, van Servellen G, Chang B, Lee ML, Vassar S, Chodosh J   Determining care management activities associated with mastery and relationship strain for dementia caregivers Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 2008; 56(5): 891-7.
Cheng EM, Swarztrauber K, Siderowf A, Eisa M, Vassar S, Lee ML, Jacob E, Connor KI, Vickrey BG   Racial/ethnic disparities of care in veterans with Parkinson?s disease, Parkinsonism & Related Disorders , 2008; 14: 8-14.
Cheng EM, Swarztrauber K, Siderowf AD, Eisa MS, Lee ML, Vassar S, Jacob E, Vickrey BG   Association of specialist involvement and quality of care for Parkinson's disease Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society, 2007; 22(4): 515-22.
Berg Anne T, Vickrey Barbara G, Testa Francine M, Levy Susan R, Shinnar Shlomo, DiMario Francis   Behavior and social competency in idiopathic and cryptogenic childhood epilepsy Developmental medicine and child neurology, 2007; 49(7): 487-92.
Chodosh J, Mittman BS, Connor KI, Vassar S, Lee ML, DeMonte RW, Ganiats TG, Heikoff LE, Rubenstein LZ, Della Penna RD, Vickrey BG   Caring for patients with dementia: How good is the quality of care? Results from three health systems Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 2007; 55(8): 1260-8.
Cheng EM, Asch S, Brook RH, Vassar S, Jacob EL, Lee ML, Chang DS, Hsiao A, Sacco RL, Vickrey BG   Comparison of secondary prevention care after carotid endarterectomy and after cardiac procedures, Stroke, 2007; 38: 929-934.
Chin PS, Berg Anne T, Spencer SS, Sperling MR, Haut SR, Langfitt JT, Bazil CW, Walczak TS, Pacia SV, Vickrey BG   Employment outcomes following resective epilepsy surgery Epilepsia, 2007; 48(12): 2253-7.
Vickrey BG, Strickland TL, Fitten LJ, Adams GR, Ortiz F, Hays RD   Ethnic variation in dementia caregiving experiences: Insights from focus groups, Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 2007; 15: 233-249.
Spencer Susan S, Berg Anne T, Vickrey Barbara G, Sperling Michael R, Bazil Carl W, Haut Sheryl, Langfitt John T, Walczak Thaddeus S, Devinsky Orrin, Devinsky Orrin   Health-related quality of life over time since resective epilepsy surgery Annals of neurology, 2007; 62(4): 327-34.
Berg AT, Langfitt JT, Spencer SS, Vickrey BG   Stopping antiepileptic drugs after epilepsy surgery: A survey of U.S. epilepsy center neurologists Epilepsy & Behavior : E&B, 2007; 10(2): 219-22.
Cheng EM, Asch SM, Brook RH, Vassar S, Jacob EL, Lee ML, Chang DS, Sacco RL, Hsiao A, Vickrey BG   Suboptimal control of atherosclerotic disease risk factors after cardiac and cerebrovascular procedures Stroke: A Journal of Cerebral Circulation, 2007; 38(3): 929-34.
Cheng EM, Asch S, Brook RH, Vassar S, Jacob EL, Lee ML, Chang DS, Hsiao A, Sacco RL, Vickrey BG   Comparison of secondary prevention care after myocardial infarction and stroke Cerebrovascular Diseases (Basel, Switzerland), 2006; 21(4): 235-41.
Chodosh J, Berry E, Lee ML, Connor KI, DeMonte R, Ganiats T, Heikoff L, Rubenstein L, Mittman BS, Vickrey BG   Effect of a dementia care management intervention on primary care provider knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions of quality of care Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 2006; 54(2): 311-7.
Theodore William H, Spencer Susan S, Wiebe Samuel, Langfitt John T, Ali Amza, Shafer Patricia O, Berg Anne T, Vickrey Barbara G   Epilepsy in North America: a report prepared under the auspices of the global campaign against epilepsy, the International Bureau for Epilepsy, the International League Against Epilepsy, and the World Health Organization Epilepsia, 2006; 47(10): 1700-22.
Berg Anne T, Vickrey Barbara G, Testa Francine M, Levy Susan R, Shinnar Shlomo, DiMario Frances, Smith Susan   How long does it take for epilepsy to become intractable? A prospective investigation Annals of neurology, 2006; 60(1): 73-9.
Cheng E, Vickrey BG   Is there a relationship between prestroke social isolation and outcomes following stroke? Nature Clinical Practice. Neurology, 2006; 2(1): 16-7.
Birbeck Gretchen L, Zingmond David S, Cui Xinping, Vickrey Barbara G   Multispecialty stroke services in California hospitals are associated with reduced mortality Neurology, 2006; 66(10): 1527-32.
Berg Anne T, Vickrey Barbara G, Langfitt John T, Sperling Michael R, Shinnar Shlomo, Bazil Carl, Walczak Thaddeus, Spencer Susan S, Spencer Susan S   Reduction of AEDs in postsurgical patients who attain remission Epilepsia, 2006; 47(1): 64-71.
Vickrey BG, Mittman BS, Connor KI, Pearson ML, Della Penna RD, Ganiats TG, Demonte RW, Chodosh J, Cui X, Vassar S, Duan N, Lee ML   The effect of a disease management intervention on quality and outcomes of dementia care: A randomized, controlled trial Annals of internal medicine, 2006; 145(10): 713-26.
Cheng EM, Siderowf A, Swarztrauber K, Eisa M, Lee ML, Vickrey BG   Development of quality of care indicators for Parkinson's disease Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society, 2004; 19(2): 136-50.
Sloss Elizabeth M, Wickstrom Steven L, McCaffrey Daniel F, Garber Steven, Rector Thomas S, Levin Regina A, Guzy Peter M, Gorelick Philip B, Dake Michael D, Vickrey Barbara G   Direct medical costs attributable to acute myocardial infarction and ischemic stroke in cohorts with atherosclerotic conditions Cerebrovascular diseases (Basel, Switzerland), 2004; 18(1): 8-15.
Swarztrauber Kari, Vickrey Barbara G   Do neurologists and primary care physicians agree on the extent of specialty involvement of patients referred to neurologists? Journal of general internal medicine, 2004; 19(6): 654-61.
Cherry DL, Vickrey BG, Schwankovsky L, Heck E, Plauche M, Yep R   Interventions to improve quality of care: The Kaiser Permanente-alzheimer's Association Dementia Care Project American Journal of Managed Care , 2004; 10(8): 553-60.
Birbeck Gretchen L, Cui Xinping, Zingmond David S, Vickrey Barbara G   Intravenous tissue plasminogen activator for acute stroke in California: recipients and resources Cerebrovascular diseases (Basel, Switzerland), 2004; 17(4): 341-3.
Cheng Eric M, Birbeck Gretchen, Vickrey Barbara   VA Stroke Study: neurologist care is associated with increased testing but improved outcomes Neurology, 2004; 62(10): 1914; author reply 1914-5.
Ringel Steven P, Vickrey Barbara G, Schembri Michael, Kravitz Richard L   Neurologists' assessment of their ability to provide high quality care Neurology, 2003; 61(5): 612-5.
Kim Sehyun, Hays Ron D, Birbeck Gretchen L, Vickrey Barbara G   Responsiveness of the quality of life in epilepsy inventory (QOLIE-89) in an antiepileptic drug trial Quality of life research : an international journal of quality of life aspects of treatment, care and rehabilitation, 2003; 12(2): 147-55.
Berg Anne T, Vickrey Barbara G, Langfitt John T, Sperling Michael R, Walczak Thaddeus S, Shinnar Shlomo, Bazil Carl W, Pacia Steven V, Spencer Susan S, Spencer Susan S   The multicenter study of epilepsy surgery: recruitment and selection for surgery Epilepsia, 2003; 44(11): 1425-33.
Morton Sally C, Shekelle Paul G, Adams John L, Bennett Carol, Dobkin Bruce H, Montgomerie John, Vickrey Barbara G   Antimicrobial prophylaxis for urinary tract infection in persons with spinal cord dysfunction Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation, 2002; 83(1): 129-38.
Vickrey Barbara G, Rector Thomas S, Wickstrom Steven L, Guzy Peter M, Sloss Elizabeth M, Gorelick Philip B, Garber Steven, McCaffrey Daniel F, Dake Michael D, Levin Regina A   Occurrence of secondary ischemic events among persons with atherosclerotic vascular disease Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 2002; 33(4): 901-6.
Swarztrauber Kari, Vickrey Barbara G, Mittman Brian S   Physicians' preferences for specialty involvement in the care of patients with neurological conditions Medical care, 2002; 40(12): 1196-209.
Birbeck Gretchen L, Hays Ron D, Cui Xinping, Vickrey Barbara G   Seizure reduction and quality of life improvements in people with epilepsy Epilepsia, 2002; 43(5): 535-8.

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